This goes somewhat in contrast with the “rise of the middle-class” stories and the “new booming Brazilian economy”.

Via Estadao:
Brazil had 11.5 million people living in slums in 2010. The number corresponds to 6% of the population of the country, according to the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE). The survey indicates that this percentage doubled in the last 20 years. In 1991, 4.5 million people (3.1% of the population) lived in slums, a figure that increased to 6.53 million (3.9%) in the year 2000.

(The IBGE also said that this comparison of data “is not recommended.” because the methodology has slightly changed… right, but still.)
 

The metropolitan areas of Sao Paulo, Rio and Belem concentrate almost half (44%) of all shanty towns (or favelas, or slums). In Belem, more than half of the population (55%) lives in favelas, whether in Rio the amount is 22% and in São Paulo 11%.
The IBGE in the publication that highlights investment in housing and sanitation “were not sufficient to meet the strong and growing demand” from people who subsequently moved to cities in search for work.


Our comment: If the number of “low-income” population living in favelas grows by the day, and 30 million people are allegedly moving to the “middle-class”, which social class is vanishing to make up for this math? The rich? But we thought Brazil was creating 19 millionaires per day…it doesn’t add up.
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